1299

Medicine; verse

15th and 16th cent. Vellum. 28–29.5 x 18–19 cms (pp. 9–10, 29–29.5 x 16.5 cms; pp. 13–14, 28.5–29 x 16 cms; pp. 25–6, 28.5 x 17–18.5 cms; pp. 27–8, 26–27.5 x 17–18.5 cms; pp. 29–30, 25.5–26 x 17–19 cms; pp. 56–[56a], 29 x 7 cms). Pp. 74, paginated 1–71 in pencil (skipping pp. [34a], [56a] and [72] after pp. 34, 56 and 71, respectively). No scribal signatures. Scribes: (1) pp. 1–34; (2) pp. 35–6; (3) pp. 37–56, dated 1443 (p. 56.z); (4) pp. 57–71.

Housed in modern conservation box labelled `TCD / MS / 1299' on spine and stamped `TCD ms 1299' inside flap. Bound in full calf. `de re / medica', `de / natura' and `H. / 2. / 8.' in gold on upper, middle and lower spine, respectively. Spine worn and front cover coming loose. Three endpapers front and back, with second and third front, and first and second back from previous binding, watermarked `C \& I Honig'. `Vamped Feb. 1898' (in pencil) on pastedown inside front cover; `H. 2. 8. / (1299)' (in pencil) on recto of first endpaper. Offset of ink, apparently that of manuscript number, from facing page in previous binding on recto of second front endpaper. The following note written below scribal colophon on p. 56.x–z: `Transcribed A. D. 1443. / Eugene Curry. / –1841.'

Collation: i10, ii6 + 1 (pp. 33–4 inserted after 6), iii12, iv8; loss after p. 32; textual sequence shows order of leaves in pp. 1–34 to be as follows: 1–20, 33–4, 21–32 indicating that pp. 33–4 are misplaced belonging before p. 21, and that ii was originally an eight (pp. 33–4, 21–32) wanting its final leaf after leaf 7 (p. 32). Composite manuscript comprising three parts, viz.: (a) pp. 1–34; (b) pp. [34a]–[56a]; (c) pp. 57–72.

Ruling and ornamentation. (a) Double columns with single inner and outer bounding lines, and narrow double rules in all four margins, 46–59 lines, ruled in brown. First line(s) of chapter-incipits in display script, also opening word(s) of some subsections of text. Ornamental initials (2- to 5-line), particularly elaborate at pp. 1a1, 17b, and 25b (with guide-letter in margin facing initial); plainer initials (1-line) within text, occasionally with calligraphic flourish (e.g. p. 21ax). Symbol for quaestio written in inner and/or outer margins of pp. 1–19; symbol for Lat. proverbium (Ir. proeirb) written in inner and/or outer margins of pp. 7–8, and also of pp. 22–34 where symbol generally signals Latin citations in text but is sometimes used loosely as symbol for quaestio (e.g. p. 30, inner margin (first two instances)). Decorative border in all four margins surrounding text on p. 1 coloured red; red of border occasionally touched over in silver, now oxidised, in upper, inner and outer margins, with staining from oxidisation penetrating through to pp. 2–4. Initials, text in display script, capital letters, ceann fo eite, line-fillers and occasional other letters coloured red, pp. 1 (faded), 2–5, 16–23, 26–7 and 33-4; marginal symbol for quaestio frequently coloured red, pp. 2–5; rubrication in pp. 30–31 largely confined to initial `f' of `fiarfaighthear' introducing quaestiones; text in display script on p. 25, and most capital letters, coloured green. Occasional offset of rubrication from facing page (e.g. p. 16, cols a and b). (b) Pp. 38–55, double columns with single inner and outer bounding lines, 49–57 lines, ruled in brown; p. [34a] indecipherable; pp. 35–6, single column, 42 and 19 lines, respectively; p. 37, diagrammatic arrangement of text; p. 56, 45 lines. Display script for first three lines of opening chapter (p. 38a1), also for opening line(s) or word(s) of foll. sections or subsections of text; Latin citations in display script, p. 38a14, b37. Guide-letter written in margin and space reserved for 6-line opening initial on p. 38a1 but initial not filled in; elaborate opening initial at section beg. p. 46b31; initials in text plain. Marginal symbol for `comhartha' written in inner margin, pp. 42, 45 (ter), 46 (bis), 49, in outer margin, pp. 42, 43, 45. Initials, text in display script, capitals and ceann fo eite coloured red, with some yellow, on p. 38, but rubrication discontinued thereafter. (c) Double columns, 45–54 lines; ruling invisible. Pricking for double columns with single inner and double outer bounding lines visible in upper and lower margins; prick marks sometimes partially lost by cropping of outer vertical margins. First line(s) of Latin section-incipits in display script. Initials plain; guide-letter written in margin and space reserved for ornamental opening initial (4-line) on p. 57a1 but initial not filled in. Initials, text in display script, also capital letters, line-fillers, ceann fo eite, and occasional other words or letters coloured yellow on pp. 57a–68a, ochre on pp. 68b–71b (ochre frequently touched over in silver, now oxidised); table of four elements and their qualities (p. 60b15–28) ornamented and richly coloured in red and yellow, now much faded, with offset of yellow on p. 61a.

Vellum defective pp. 15–18, 27–30. Defect in pp. 17–18 repaired with bright red thread prior to writing. P. 34 heavily stained indicating prolonged use as outer cover; outer half of its conjunct, pp. 56–[56a], removed, with slight loss of text at line-ends on p. 56a. Pp. 36–7 sundered in half horizontally, from outer edge to spine, after writing, with upper and lower halves being held together towards outer edge by stitching in parchment-coloured thread; first half of line of text on p. 36.19 damaged by splitting, but no loss of text. Upper margin of pp. 7–8 cut away horizontally from outer edge towards spine; outer margin of pp. 13–14 trimmed away vertically, flush with edge of text area, probably with loss of marginal symbols. Series of small castellated grooves cut out from upper edges of pp. 11–12, 17–18.

Notes and jottings.
(a) 3, lower margin, inner corner. `a.'
(b) 5, lower margin. `a.'
(c) 9, lower margin. `a', `b', `c' (letters spaced out).
(d) 6, outer margin. `F.'
(e) 11, lower margin. `amail adeir an Fellsam a leabur.'
(f) 15, lower margin, inverted. First nine letters of alphabet in Irish script.
(g) 16, outer margin. Symbol for quaestio in red facing l. 4 of col. a; repeated, in red, facing l. 32 of col. a, but unfinished.
(h) 19, lower margin, inverted. `Padric.'
(i) 20, upper margin. `Ih–c' (bis).
(j) 20, outer margin. `fechain.' (k) 33, lower margin, outer corner. `am.'
(l) 33, outer margin. `Deus / Dia 7 [? Mui] / [? re] / m(...)' (in red).
(m) 36i. Repetition in later hand of text on first half of p. 36.19 (i.e. final line of poem beg. p. 35a), underlined. (For damage to p. 36.19, see above.)
(n) 36i (below and to right of previous item). Signature (?), erased: `M[.]s[...].'
(o) 46, lower margin, below col. a. `[...] Je[...]', cancelled.
(p) 46, lower margin, below col. b. Illegible writing (approx. 5 ll.)
Doodling p. 17, lower margin.

1a.   [Commentary on Galen, Megategni.] Prologue beg. Vita humana est triplex etcetera amail ader Aristotal primo Eticorum .i. ata anbetha daenna arna fogailt atri modaib. Introduction beg. Cum totcius pater sciencia generalitas tres principales partes habet 7 cetera .i. ised ader Gailen annso .i. athair generalda nanuili egna Dia 7 ise ro ordaigh na huili forcedal dobeth dorer uird 7 riagla arna fogailt atri modhaib (p. 1a32). Text beg. [1] Cumplexio ceribri multis modis cognositur .i. ised ader Gailen annso conainter coimplex dilis nahincinne omoran do modaib (p. 1b6). Following chapters beg. [2] De [o, expuncted] cordis autem crassibus deinceps dicatur 7 cetera .i. ised ader Gailen annso nac fedann ancraidi dul anainmesurdacht fuaraidechta nac teo he nanincinn ismo fedas dul atesaidecht (p. 4a26); [3] De epatis autem calidi 7 aliis eiusdem diuersitatibus complexionum dicturi sumus 7 cetera .i. odalabrumur lethatuas dinn docoimplex an craidi 7 datestaib nadurda doleth na brigi beothaige 7 an pulsa Labrum anois docomartaib nanae 7 degsamlacht acoimplex 7 doibrigthib nabrigi nadurda (p. 11ay); [4] Uirtus naturalis est inepate quecum peruens ad membra matrieis diuiditur uirtes 7 cetera .i. Odaluaigimur lethatuas din dona [aa, expuncted] ballaib 7 da cestaib nadurda Labrum anois dona brigaib 7 artus don brig nadurda 7 foghailter anbrig nadurda atri brigaib (p. 17b13); [5] Testiculi instrumenta sunt spermatis 7 cetera .i. ised ader Gailen annso gurob iad na huirgi insdruimint geinemna antsilne (p. 21a16); [6] Morbus est cum membra accionis sue naturalis temperamenta egrediuntur(ur) 7 cetera ised is galar ann anuair tosgaidid nabaill leth amuich don measurdacht (p. 25b46). Breaks off with p. 32 oir ader Gailen gac urcoid doniter atosac an paroxsismuis [m expuncted] [= ms 1302, f. 6rb1]. Last section of this text ed. and trans. L. Duncan, Revue Celtique 49 (1932) 1–90, from this ms (which breaks off at p. 49.2 of printed text) and ms 1302. For order of leaves see above. P. 34a, illegible.

35a.   (in later hand). Beg. Eirgidh suas a tolltanaigh. 47 qq. (including two of 6 lines each).

36i.   (in later hand). Beg. Geibhi teanchuir caor nduib nderg. 1 q. Corresponds to J. H. Todd, Leabhar imuinn. The Book of Hymns of the ancient church of Ireland (Dublin 1855) 90, ll. 3–4, 6–7, where quatrain cited, with translation, from `the Betham MS. (22a)' [now RIA ms 23 C 19 (726); q. occurs ibid., p. 110.10–11].

36i.   (in later hand). Beg. Dentur uaibhsi ar in taingeal. 1 q. Corresponds to E. Knott, The bardic poems of Tadhg Dall Ó Huiginn (1550–1591) I (Irish Texts Society XXII, London 1922), 47 (Poem 7, q. 37). Remainder of page blank.

37.   Diagrammatically arranged classification of fevers, simple and composite. Beg. Morbus perse .i. galar maille fein. Ends Composita – tig se o codidiana 7 o terciana cumusgdha ... minur emetricius tic o codidiana gnaith 7 dilis (p. 37m).

37m.   Classification of fevers and their urines. In columns. Beg. Fiabrus – Animalis / Uitalis / Naturalis – Fiabrus efemera – Is bec nach binn infual anefemera amail bhis isin shlainti. Ends (p. 37z) Fiabrus na mball – Fual ruad no furruad ... 7 bidh dathaigte anois 7 bidh aris gan beith dathaigte.

38a.   [Bartholomaeus Anglicus, de proprietatibus rerum, bk 8.] Beg. [M]undus itaque dicitur Mercurius dicitur tribus modis adhon aderur indomhun ontuicsin [dobeth, above line] o tri modhuibh. P. 44b21 ends 7 isfollus eisein isinaer doreir na. Foll. by blank line, reserved, perhaps, for missing word(s) to be supplied later. Text resumes (p. 44b22) Labrum anois do naduir na comurtadha. Ends 7 toirmhisgidh aillecht anradhairc 7 cuiridh an nairr arcul 7 [...]lidh nahaislingthi `Finid amen Et ised dobudh thshlan don tigearna antrath dosgribhadh anleabur .i. mili bliadhan 7 .4.c. 7 tri bliadhna 7 .da.xx.' (p. 56.z). Remainder of page blank except for note by Eugene Curry (see above). Ed. G. Mac Niocaill, Celtica 8 (1968) 201–242, 9 (1971) 266–314, from this ms and RIA 1233 (23 Q 10).

57a.   Cosmological compendium; cf. Shaw, 150 § 11. Beg. Natura est principium motus et quieius inquo est primo 7 perse 7 non cecundum aicciens .i. iseadh is naduir ann tosach cumsgaighti 7 cumsanaigh anraeda ana mbi artus maille fein 7 nígo haicidec. Ends Et tuig gufuilet .4. cuisi ann .i. cuis denmhusa 7 cuis adhburdha 7 cuis cruthaighthec 7 cuis críchnaighthi. `Finit. amen. finit' (p. 61a29). Text includes (following p. 60b14) diagrammatic table of four elements and their qualities.

61a30.   Excerpt. Beg. Cuig gneithi ar docamal na hanala .i. disma 7 asma 7 ortomia 7 anelosus 7 sangi suiosus. Ends o linn imdhaiges go hinmedonac [sic leg.; ms hinmededonac] 7 go furimillac doníter ortomia 7r `Finit amen' (p. 61a40).

61a41.   Psychological compendium; cf. Shaw 156 § 20. Beg. Dicit Plato quodh tria fuerunt prinncipia rerum adhon ader Plato gu fuilid .3. tosaighi ag na raedaib. Ends Et ised is cuimne ann .i. condmhail daingean na nethedh dotuicsin antintamlugad 7 inresun 7rl. (p. 63a12).

63a13.   Excerpts. Beg. (a) Aries sansemadh ceim deg de ardaighter grian. Ends isand sa ceim sin don sechtmhadh comarta sin isligter [\it sic leg.; ms isligt] he (p. 63a24); (b) Domus planetarum Saturnus a cedteach (p. 63a25). Ends ní egin dontech tanaisteach anaen cail 7rl- (p. 63a35); (c) Et asi deifir ata ider antaer 7 anghaeth .i. angaeth ag cumsgugad 7 intaer ag cumsanadh. Et issed as gaeth and laidiugad anaeir 7rl– `Diarmaid O Siriden docuir sin uilidi an Gaeidheilg' (p. 63a37).

63a41.   Two consecutive chapters excerpted from unidentified treatise, the first on sleep, the second on the necessary faculties. Beg. [1] Etiam declarauimus iuuameantum uniuscumqe membri cecundum quodh susficiebh nobis .i. dofhoillsimar gus drasda dfurtacht gach aenbaill maru lor lind gusdrasda foillseochmuid anois oibridhthi eigin noc coimedus antslainti 7 tinnsgnam o oibriugad an collata artus. Ends 7 na dhiaigh so foillseocmuid naraeda isegin deissi nanainminteagh 7 inraed nac egin `Finit bm-' (p. 64b41). Text continues with following section beg. [2] Etciam meambra uertutis nutritiua 7 operaciones sunt neccisaria inessi animalium 7 non generatiua .i. is inntuici mar an cedna gurab egintac boill na brige oileamnaigi 7 a noibrigthi an eissi na nainminntidh 7 nach eigin an brig geineamnach (p. 64b42). Ends gurube talum is mesarda an talum is faidi errac 7rl– (p. 65bz).

66a.   Psychological treatise; cf. Shaw 156 § 19. Beg. Due sunt potencie congnosiue in homne seansus 7 intellectus .i. ader Aristotal co fuilet dacumachtain tuicsenaidh isin duine. Ends 7 mur sin tuicter namodha ofettar anum dorad ris 7rl– (p. 67b11).

67b12.   Excerpts. Beg. (a) Adermuid go tuicter antaghall annda modaib .i. cedtaghall 7 taghall tanaiste. Ends 7 ider naballaib oifigeca tuigter sin (p. 67b18); (b) Cado ber na heisg intan fasas cosa orr gurab mo fasus orro naar na hainminntib eli (p. 67b19). Ends antaghall maille gluasacht an mhothaigti aga airiugad (p. 67b32); (c) Ised isocrus ann .i. saint nanethedh te fliucaidi dorer inntinne an Feallsaim (p. 67b33). Ends In .4. mod .i. persa an cuirp 7r (p. 67b45); (d) Is ona .4. nethedh so ata an gluasact .i. asustaint 7 a cailidecht (p. 67b46). Ends Ased is truailliugad ann .i. claoclod o eissi cum gan bheth na esse 7rl– (p. 67by). Corresponds to p. 57b11-13, 15–18 of this ms; (e) Ased is meisgi ann (p. 67by). Ends oir is annum fedus m 7 laitirt bheth anaenfecht (p. 68a4); (f) Cinnus tuicter na tri ceimenna do beth go huilidi (p. 68a6). Ends 7 na .u. rannaibh cum na fuaraidechta 7rl– (p. 68a42); (g) Ata brig anma isin domun (p. 68a43). Ends ni sgithaidter ina cumsgugad 7rl– (p. 68ax); (h) Tuic let na nethe berbtar anuisci gurub fliuch iat (p. 68ax). Ends amail is follus aneanbhruithi na feolann berbtar 7rl– (p. 68b13); (i) Ata in doctuir aga radha nach dentar da oibriugad contrardha oenbrig 7 Berrnard garadha a caibidil na hasma (p. 68b14). Ends 7 gurab oenbrig doníthar sin 7rl– (p. 68b25); (j) Is amlaid ata fighair anuisci doreir Aristotail in libro De Selo (p. 68b26). Ends **** (p. 68b44); (k) Ised is cumachta doreir Auicenna (p. 68b45). Ends mased is trina contrarda oibriges an leigheas lagthach 7 ní trena cumachtain (p. 68bz).

69a.   Cosmological treatise; cf. Shaw 150 § 10. Beg. De actionibus ocultis naturi tractatur hic .i. tractadh ann so o Aristotal doibrigtib folaiteca na nadura dorer Auicenna sa .uii. caibidil dona nethibh nadurda. Following section beg. De foirmis meidis adhon dona foirmeandaibh inmhedhonacha noc bis a foleanmain na mbrig (p. 71a23). Ends Et isleor duinn gach ní dandubrumar doibrigtibh foluitacha na nadura gunuigi sin `Finid amen 7r–' (p. 71b27).

71b28.   Excerpts. (a) Et ader Gailen da coiscter an fiabhrus bhis isnaballaib daingne co hurusa. Ends dobron 7 failtiugad obunn 7 acosmaile so (p. 71b42); (b) Adermaid gurabedh isgra ann (p. 71b43). Ends maille comcumusc furbailticuis 7 regalar in craidhe (p. 71b45). Remainder of column blank. P. [72] largely blank; traces of some illegible writing towards inner margin.